Misunderstanding multiculturalism - Непонимание в межнациональных отношениях
... Multiculturalism simply does not mean what most of its critics think. The original home of multiculturalism is Canada. Canadian philosophers and policy-makers have done most to define and elaborate the concept, since Canada is quintessentially an immigrant society. There, multiculturalism does not mean, and has never meant, different cultural and ethnic groups being left alone to get on with whatever activities they choose. It actually means the opposite. Policy-making in Canada stresses active dialogue between cultural groups, active attempts at creating community cohesion, and the acceptance of overarching Canadian identity. As a leading Canadian writer, Will Kymlicka, puts it, multiculturalism in Canada 'encourages the members of different immigrant groups to interact, to share their cultural heritage, and to participate in common educational, economic, political and legal institutions'.
Canada adopted its official 'multicultural policy' in 1971. That policy-orientation has long stressed that language tests, citizenship ceremonies and oaths are axiomatic for immigrants. Such demands are wholly uncontroversial, among the host population as well as migrants: indeed they are widely welcomed as a sign of mutual commitment. Some Canadian-style policies, such as citizenship ceremonies, have been introduced with success in the UK...
Anthony Giddens guardian.co.uk, Saturday 14 October 2006
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